In Angular applications, lazy loading is an optimization technique that delays the loading of feature modules and their associated components until they are actually needed by the user. This improves initial load times and overall performance, especially for larger applications with many features.

Benefits of Lazy Loading

  • Faster Initial Load: The initial bundle of your application is significantly smaller, as only the core functionality is loaded right away. This leads to a quicker perceived loading time for users.
  • Improved User Experience: Users don’t have to wait for features they might not use, resulting in a more responsive and fluid experience.
  • Optimized Memory Usage: Only the used features are loaded into memory, reducing memory consumption and potentially improving performance on lower-end devices.
  • Modularization: Lazy loading encourages a more modular architecture, making your application easier to maintain and scale.

Implementation Steps

  1. Create a Feature Module:
    • Use the Angular CLI to generate a new feature module and its routing module: ng generate module features/products --routing
    • This creates two files: features/products/products.module.ts and features/products/products-routing.module.ts.
  2. Develop Feature Components:
    • Inside products.module.ts, import and export the components specific to the products feature, such as ProductList and ProductDetails.
  3. Configure Routing Module:
    • In products-routing.module.ts, define routes for the products feature:
import { NgModule } from '@angular/core';
import { RouterModule, Routes } from '@angular/router';
import { ProductListComponent } from './product-list.component';
import { ProductDetailsComponent } from './product-details.component';

const routes: Routes = [
  { path: '', component: ProductListComponent }, // List all products
  { path: ':id', component: ProductDetailsComponent } // Product details by ID

  imports: [RouterModule.forChild(routes)],
  exports: [RouterModule]
export class ProductsRoutingModule { }

4.Lazy Loading in Root Routing Module:

  • In app-routing.module.ts (your root routing module), configure the lazy-loaded route using loadChildren
import { NgModule } from '@angular/core';
import { RouterModule, Routes } from '@angular/router';
import { HomeComponent } from './home/home.component';
// ... other imports

const routes: Routes = [
  { path: '', component: HomeComponent }, // Eagerly loaded Home component
    path: 'products',
    loadChildren: () => import('./features/products/products.module').then(m => m.ProductsModule)
  } // Lazy-loaded Products feature

  imports: [RouterModule.forRoot(routes)],
  exports: [RouterModule]
export class AppRoutingModule { }


  • The loadChildren property in the lazy-loaded route takes a function that returns a promise resolving to the feature module (ProductsModule in this example).
  • This ensures that the ProductsModule is loaded only when the user navigates to the /products path

Testing Lazy Loading

  1. Start your development server: ng serve --open.
  2. Access http://localhost:4200/ in your browser. You should see the eagerly loaded Home component.
  3. Navigate to http://localhost:4200/products. The Products feature should load dynamically.

Additional Considerations

  • Lazy loading is ideal for feature modules with distinct functionalities and routes.
  • Preloading strategies (using preloadingStrategy in RouterModule.forRoot()) can be implemented to improve loading times for anticipated feature modules.
  • Consider code splitting techniques to further optimize bundle sizes.


Lazy loading is a valuable technique for enhancing the performance and user experience of Angular applications. By following these steps and best practices, you can create well-structured, efficient, and scalable Angular applications.

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